Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp 309–336 . Names for proso millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: Merkblatt für den Anbau von Rispenhirse im biologischen Landbau, www.biofarm.ch, Pearl Millet and Other Millets, Wayne W. Hanna, David D. Baltensperger, Annadana Seetharam (2004), Rose, D.J., Santra, D.K., 2013.  proso millet originated in East Asia. Anti-Quality Factors: Millets are less likely to have high levels of nitrates than other warm-season forages such as sorghum. In conventional farming, herbicides may be used. While millet occupies the ground, because of its superficial root system, the soil can replenish its water content for the next crop. Although this collection is large the quest for collection is a continuing process, and ICRISAT continues its efforts of collecting new germplasm. 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Studies in Germany showed that even higher yields can be attained. Proso millet, little millet, and kodo millet are three minor millets with limited modern genetic resources (Table 1), although proso millet has recently seen a sig- nificant increase in genomic studies (e.g., Rajput and Santra , Habiyaremye et al. The origin of proso millet is thought to be in China. Proso millet is widely grown in northern China, Mongolia, Korea, south-eastern Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and southern Europe. Harvesting can be done with a conventional combine harvester with moisture content of the grains around 15-20%. Try It Now! , Weedy forms of proso millet are found throughout central Asia, covering a widespread area from the Caspian Sea east to Xinjiang and Mongolia. Moisture (%) 0 %: Form: Dried : Leveraging the skills of our qualified team of professionals, we are instrumental in offering a wide range of Pearl Millet. In: Seetharam A, Riley KW, Harinarayana G, editors. || Website References, For the complete list of common names of millets and sorghum in various language, please click, ICRISAT GeneBank conserves 849 proso millet germplasm accessions from various countries.  Among the most commonly consumed products are ready-to-eat breakfast cereals made purely from millet flour,  as well as a variety of noodles and bakery products, which are, however, often produced from mixtures with wheat flour to improve their sensory quality.. Healthy and wise: Promotion of the production and consumption of nutri-cereals is a policy shift in the right direction. The small areas used to cultivate proso millet had almost disappeared entirely by World War I. 3. We’ve had an apocalyptic warning: now will we care about biodiversity? Veg Hist Archaeobot. 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For example, starch derived from millets has been shown to be a good substrate for fermentation and malting with grains having similar starch contents as wheat grains. There … The sowing depth should be 1.5 to 2 cm in optimal soil or 3 to 4 cm in dry soil. Sold Out. Mol Ecol. Proso MIllet’s fan Club includes researchers, growers. Millet entrepreneur along with 14 other entrepreneurs recognized for breaking the rules of the F&B industry. Kenneth R. Bolen, Director of Cooperative Extension, University of Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. But what exactly is it? A distance between the rows of 16 to 25 cm is recommended if the farmer uses an interrow cultivator. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago", "USDA - National Agricultural Statistics Service Homepage", "Evaluation of the waxy endosperm trait in proso millet", "Reticulate evolution in Panicum (Poaceae): the origin of tetraploid broomcorn millet, P. miliaceum", "Farmers and Their Languages: The First Expansions", "Molecular evolution of shattering loci in U.S. weedy rice", "This Ancient Grain May Have Helped Humans Become Farmers", Producing and marketing proso millet in the great plains, http://www.biofarm.ch/assets/files/Landwirtschaft/Merkblatt_Biohirse_Version%2012_2010.pdf, "Colorado's hottest grain is gluten-free, nutrient-dense, great in beer and about to be your new fav pantry staple Colorado produces the most millet in the country. Hunt HV, Campana MG, Lawes MC, Park Y-J, Bower MA, Howe CJ, et al. 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Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), is thought to be one of the earliest cultivated grains, likely preceding wheat. Then the harvest is done with a pickup attached to a combine.  The development of varieties with highly fermentable characteristics could improve ethanol yield to that of highly fermentable corn. It might have originated for Panicum psilopodium which is found in its wild state in Burma, India and Malaysia. It is sensitive to cold temperatures lower than 10 to 13°C. Determining the best harvest date is not easy because all the grains do not ripen simultaneously. de Wet JMJ. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.  In Europe, proso millet is sowed between mid-April and the end of May. 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Evidence for cultivation in southern Europe and the Near East is comparatively more recent, with the earliest evidence for its cultivation in the Near East a find in the ruins of Nimrud, Iraq, dated to about 700 BC. 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